KNEE & LOWER LEG

KNEE & LOWER LEG2018-09-13T15:24:57+00:00

Knee Pain

Pain in the knee may be caused by long periods of standing or repetitive movement. The tibia is rotating on the inside while the femur is being pulled in an external rotation to compensate. These opposing forces happen at the same time that the lateral knee is being compressed.

Common Causes of Knee Pain

  • the hip and femur bone may lean outward and the muscle pull in the direction of external rotation which shifts the body weight laterally to make up for poor medial stability
  • when weak ankles roll inward, the ankle joints compress on the lateral side. This can present a flattening of the arch as well
  • when weak ankles roll inward, the ankle joints compress on the lateral side. This can present a flattening of the arch as well
  • When the lateral knee joint compresses, the associated ligaments and muscles are compromised as they try to stabilize the medial knee.

Common Symptoms of Knee Pain

  • inflammation and pain due to osteoarthritis
  • low grade pain under the patella when pressure is applied through mild range of motion
  • inflammation or pain around the patella may be present
  • tenderness and inflammation in the ligaments and muscles of the knee

Treatment Options for Knee Pain

Custom made orthotics prescribed by a physician are a long term solution.
These orthotics should include a medial longitudinal arch support to control pronation; a heel cup with rear foot posting to control the hindfoot motion; forefoot wedging as needed

Types of Footwear for Knee Pain

Therapeutic and orthopaedic (foot orthotics) stability footwear is best for long term results.
Motion control footwear with a wide stable base is ideal for individuals with knee pain

Shin Splints

The tibialis anterior which is found on the shin and the tibialis posterior which is located in the calf are the major muscles of the foot that are strained and irritated with repeated motion and overuse. Shin splints is essentially the pain one feels where these muscles attach to the shin bone. They control one to five times a person’s body weight, about ten thousand times a day.

Common Causes of Shin Splints

  • broken down footwear
  • being overweight
  • overuse in terms of walking or standing for long periods of time
  • unsupportive footwear
  • flat feet, fallen arches and weak ankles strain these muscles
  • high impact sports

Common Symptoms of Shin Splints

  • increased pain the longer a person is active
  • burning and aching along the shin bone
  • pain is sharp and constant when activating the muscles
  • pain in the calf area when standing on one’s toes or twisting

Treatment Options for Shin Splints

Custom made orthotics are a long term solution for shin splints.
These orthotics should include a cupped heel to control the hindfoot motion; forefoot and hindfoot postings as necessary to control excessive motion; medial longitudinal arch support to stabilize muscles and control hyperpronation.

Types of Footwear for Shin Splints

Therapeutic and orthopaedic (foot orthotics) stability footwear is best for long term results.
Motion control footwear with a wide stable base is ideal for individuals with shin splints; footwear that incorporates a heel rocker to assist the tibialis anterior to slow down the foot when the heel strikes the ground.

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